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Phagocyte migration and differentiation

Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini

Group Leader

Macrophages infiltrate all body tissues which are heterogeneous in composition, stiffness and architecture. This process, critical for immune protection, also promotes inflammatory diseases and cancers, and its control has become a pharmacological challenge. In this attempt, we are investigating the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in macrophage 3D migration.

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We have shown that macrophages use two migration strategies, the amoeboid and mesenchymal modes, depending on the matrix porosity, and that, amongst leukocytes, only macrophages are capable of using the mesenchymal migration mode.

Macrophage infiltration into tumor cell spheroids and in vivo into mouse tumors involves mesenchymal migration.

In the tuberculosis context, macrophages with a bacilli-permissive phenotype exhibit an enhanced capacity for mesenchymal migration. 

Mesenchymal migration requires proteases to create paths in the matrix and podosomes, the unique adhesion structures formed by macrophages. We have identified three podosome effectors, Hck, Filamin A and WASp, as key regulators of mesenchymal migration. An ongoing comparative transcriptomic analysis of 3D-migrating macrophages will lead to the identification of additional candidate genes regulating mesenchymal migration.
As podosomes play a critical role in mesenchymal migration, we have also started investigating their mechanical properties, and have revealed that protrusive forces are generated at podosomes in order to sense the rigidity of the environment. We are currently developing new experimental approaches as well as automated image analysis tools dedicated to the characterization of podosome force, architecture and dynamics. HIV-1, the pathogen responsible for AIDS, uses macrophages as host cells. It manipulates their migration by affecting podosomes, further supporting our team’s strategy of identifying pharmacological targets to control macrophage migration in pathological situations.

 

Main Publications

Raynaud-Messina B et al. (2018). The bone degradation machinery of osteoclasts: a novel HIV-1 target that contributes to bone loss. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 115(11):2556-2565

 

Bouissou A et al. (2017). Podosome force generation machinery: a local balance between protrusion at the core and traction at the ring. ACS Nano 11(4):4028-4040

 

Verollet C et al. (2015). HIV-1 reprograms the migration of macrophages. Blood 25: 611-22


Proag A et al. (2015) Working together: spatial synchrony in the force and actin dynamics of podosome first neighbors. ACS Nano 9: 3800-13 


Lastrucci C et al. (2015) Tuberculosis is associated with expansion of a motile, permissive and immunomodulatory CD16+ monocyte population via the IL-10/STAT3 axis. Cell Res 25: 1333–1351

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Scanning electron micrography of human monocyte-derived macrophages (pink) that have infiltrated a thick layer of Matrigel ® (grey) for 72h. 
They degrade the extracellular matrix and dig tunnels.

© Renaud Poincloux

 

 

Scientists

Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini

Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini

INSERM Research director

Arnaud Labrousse

Associate Professor in Cellular Biology - University of Toulouse

Véronique Le Cabec

CNRS Research associate

Renaud Poincloux

CNRS Engineer

Brigitte Raynaud-Messina

CNRS Research associate

Research Assistants

Myriam Ben Neji

AI CNRS

Natacha Escallier

CNRS Engineer

Postdoctoral fellows

Solène Accarias

Fellow of the Fondation de France

Ekaterina Belozertseva

Fellow of the Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale

Anaïs Bouissou

Fellow of the Agence National de la Recherche

PhD Students

Maeva Dupont

Fellow of the Ministry of Higher Education & Research

Marion Portes

Fellow of the Ministry of Higher Education & Research

Shanti Souriant

Sidaction Fellow

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2017

  • Bouissou A, Proag A, Bourg N, Pingris K, Cabriel C, Balor S, Mangeat T, Thibault C, Vieu C, Dupuis G, Fort E, Lévêque-Fort S, Maridonneau-Parini I, Poincloux R. Podosome force generation machinery: a local balance between protrusion at the core and traction at the ring. ACS Nano (2017) PMID:28355484
  • Troegeler A, Mercier I, Cougoule C, Pietretti D, Colom A, Duval C, Vu Manh TP, Capilla F, Poincloux R, Pingris K, Nigou J, Rademann J, Dalod MY, Verreck FAW, Al Saati T, Lugo-Villarino G, Lepenies B, Hudrisier D, Neyrolles O. C-type lectin receptor DCIR modulates immunity to tuberculosis by sustaining type I interferon signaling in dendritic cells. PNAS USA (2017) PMID:28069953

2016

  • Proag ABouissou A, Vieu C, Maridonneau-Parini IPoincloux R. Evaluation of the force and spatial dynamics of macrophage podosomes by multi-particle tracking. Methods (2016) PMID:26342257

2015

  • Lastrucci C, Bénard A, Balboa L, Pingris KSouriant SPoincloux R, Al Saati T, Rasolofo V, González-Montaner P, Inwentarz S, Moraña E, Kondova I, Verreck FAW, Sasiain MC, Neyrolles O*, Maridonneau-Parini I,*, Lugo-Villarino G and Cougoule C. Tuberculosis is associated with expansion of a motile, permissive and immunomodulatory CD16+ monocyte population via the IL-10/STAT3 axis. Cell Research(2015) PMID:26482950
  • Vérollet C, Le Cabec V, Maridoneau-Parini I. HIV-1-infection of T lymphocytes and macrophages affects their migration via Nef. Front. Immunol. (2015) PMID:26500651
  • Vérollet C, Souriant S, Raynaud-Messina B, Maridonneau-Parini I. HIV1 drives the migration of macrophages. Med Sci (2015)PMID:26340831
  • Proag ABouissou A, Mangeat T, Voituriez R, Delobelle P, Thibault C, Vieu C, Maridonneau-Parini IPoincloux R. Working together: Spatial synchrony in the force and actin dynamics of podosome first neighbors. ACS Nano (2015) PMID: 25791988
  • Medina I, Cougoule C, Drechsler M, Bermudez B, Koenen RR, Sluimer J, Wolfs I, Döring Y, Herias V, Gijbels M, Bot I, de Jager S, Weber C, Cleutjens J, van Berkel TJ, Sikkink KJ, Mócsai A, Maridonneau-Parini I, Soehnlein O, Biessen EA. Hck/Fgr kinase deficiency reduces plaque growth and stability by blunting monocyte recruitment and intraplaque motility. Circulation (2015) PMID: 26068045
  • Alvarez-Zarate J, Matlung HL, Matozaki T, Kuijpers TW, Maridonneau-Parini I, van den Berg TK. Regulation of Phagocyte Migration by Signal Regulatory Protein-Alpha Signaling. PLoS One (2015) PMID:26057870
  • Balboa L, Barrios-Payan J, González-Domínguez E, Lastrucci C, Lugo-Villarino G, Mata-Espinoza D, Schierloh P, Kviatcovsky D, Neyrolles O, Maridonneau-Parini I, Sánchez-Torres C, Sasiain MD, Hernández-Pando R. Diverging biological roles among human monocyte subsets in the context of tuberculosis infection. Clin Sci (Lond) (2015) PMID:25858460
  • Lastrucci C, Baillif V, Behar A, Al Saati T,  Dubourdeau M, Maridonneau-Parini I and Cougoule C. Molecular and cellular profiles of the resolution phase in DAMP-mediated peritonitis and revelation of leukocyte persistence in peritoneal tissues. Faseb J (2015) PMID: 25609430
  • Verollet C, Souriant S, Bonnaud E, Jolicoeur P, Raynaud-Messina B, Kinnaer C, Fourquaux I, Imle A, Benichou S, Fackler O, Poincloux R, Maridonneau-Parini I. HIV-1 reprograms the migration of macrophages. Blood (2015) PMID: 25527710

2014

  • Labernadie ABouissou A, Delobelle P, Balor S, Voituriez R, Proag A, Fourquaux I, Thibault C, Vieu C, Poincloux R*Charrière GM* andMaridonneau-Parini I*. Protrusion Force Microscopy reveals oscillatory force generation and mechanosensing activity of human macrophage podosomes . Nature Communications (2014) PMID:25385672
  • Maridonneau-Parini I. Control of macrophage 3D migration: a therapeutic challenge to limit tissue infiltration. Immunol Rev(2014)PMID:25319337
  • Gui PLabrousse AVan Goethem E, Besson A, Maridonneau-Parini ILe Cabec V. Rho/ROCK pathway inhibition by CDK inhibitor p27kip1 participates in the onset of macrophage 3D-mesenchymal migration. J. Cell Sci(2014) PMID:25015295
  • Troegeler A, Lastrucci C, Duval C, Tanne A, Cougoule CMaridonneau-Parini I, Neyrolles O and Lugo-Villarino G. An efficient siRNA-mediated gene silencing in primary human monocytes, dendritic cells & macrophages. Immulogy & Cell Biology (2014) PMID:24890643
  • Maridonneau-Parini I. Podosomes are disrupted in PAPA syndrome. Inside Blood. Blood (2014) PMID:24764557
  • Wiesner C, Le-Cabec V, El Azzouzi K, Maridonneau-Parini I, Linder S. Macrophage migration and matric degradation in 2D and 3D settings. Cell Adhesion and Migration (2014) PMID:24713854
  • Gouzy A, Larrouy-Maumus G, Bottai D, Levillain F, Dumas A, Wallach JB, Caire-Brandli I, de Chastellier C, Wu TD, Poincloux R, Brosch R, Guerquin-Kern JL, Schnappinger D, Sório de Carvalho LP, Poquet Y, Neyrolles O. Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits asparagine to assimilate nitrogen and resists acid stress during infection. PLoS Pathog. (2014) PMID:24586151
  • Park H, Dovas A, Hanna S, Lastrucci CCougoule CGuiet RMaridonneau-Parini I, Cox D. Tyrosine phosphorylation of WASP by Hck regulates macrophage function. J Biol Chem. (2014) PMID:24482227

2013

  • Ben Amara A, Gorvel L, Baulan K, Derain-Court J, Buffat C, Vérollet C, Textoris J, Ghigo E, Bretelle F, Maridonneau-Parini I, Mege JL. Placental macrophages are impaired in chorioamnionitis, an infectious pathology of the placenta. J Immunol. (2013) PMID:24163411
  • Vérollet C, Gallois A, Dacquin R, Lastrucci C, Pandruvada S, Ortega N, Poincloux RBehar BCougoule C, Lowell C, Al Saati T, Jurdic P and Maridonneau-Parini I. Hck contributes to bone homeostasis by controlling the recruitment of osteoclast precursors FASEB J. (2013) PMID: 23742809
  • Bochet L, Lehuédé C, Dauvillier S, Wang YY, Dirat B, Laurent V, Dray C, Guiet RMaridonneau-Parini I, Le Gonidec S, Couderc B, Escourrou G, Valet P, Muller C. Adipocyte-derived fibroblasts promote tumor progression and contribute to the desmoplastic reaction in breast cancer. Cancer Res. (2013) PMID:23903958
  • Marchetti M, Capela D, Poincloux R, Benmeradi N, Auriac MC, Le Ru A, Maridonneau-Parini I, Batut J, Masson-Boivin C. Queusosine biosynthesis is required for sinorhizobium meliloti-induced cytoskeletal modifications on HeLa cells and symbiosis with Medicago truncatula. PLoS One. (2013) PMID:23409119

2012

  • Bouchet J, Vérollet C, Herate C, Guenzel C, Jarviluoma A, Mazzolini J, Guenzel C, Rafie S, Chames P, Baty D, Saksela K, Niedergang N,Maridonneau-Parini I and Benichou S. Single-domain antibody-SH3 fusions for efficient neutralization of HIV-1 Nef functions. J. Virol. (2012) PMID: 22345475
  • Maridonneau-Parini I and Cougoule C. Mechanisms of macrophage migration in 3D-environments.Encyplopedia of Inflammatory Diseases Springer Edition (2012)
  • Cougoule CVan Goethem ELe Cabec V, Lafouresse F, Dupré L, Mehraj V, Mège JL, Lastrucci CMaridonneau-Parini I. Blood leukocytes and macrophages of various phenotypes have distinct abilities to form podosomes and migrate in 3D environments. Eur. J. Cell Biol. (2012) PMID: 22999511
  • Guiet RVérollet C, Lamsoul I, Cougoule CPoincloux RLabrousse A, Calderwood DA, Glogauer M, Lutz PG, Maridonneau-Parini I. Macrophage mesenchymal migration requires podosome stabilization by Filamin A. J. Biol. Chem. (2012) PMID:22334688
  • Ariel A, Maridonneau-Parini I, Rovere-Querini P, Levine JS, Mühl H. Macrophages in inflammation and its resolution. Front Immunol. (2012) PMID:23125842

2011

  • Villarino GC, Vérollet CMaridonneau-Parini I and Neyrolles O. Macrophage polarization: convergence point targeted by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and HIV. Front. Immun. (2011) PMID: 22566833
  • Labrousse AMeunier ERecord JLabernadie A, Beduer A, Vieu C, Ben Safta T and Maridonneau-Parini I. Frustrated phagocytosis on micro-patterned immune complexes to characterize lysosome movements in live macrophages. Front. Immun. (2011) PMID: 22566841
  • Le Cabec VVan Goethem EGuiet R and Maridonneau-Parini I. La migration des phagocytes : tour d’horizon. Médecine et Sciences (2011) PMID: 22192751
  • Vérollet C, Charrière GMLabrousse ACougoule CLe Cabec V and Maridonneau-Parini I. Extracellular proteolysis in macrophage migration: Losing grip for a breakthrough. Eur. J. Immunol.(2011) PMID: 21953638
  • Guiet RVan Goethem ECougoule C, Balor S, Valette A, Al Saati T, Lowell CA, Le Cabec V and Maridonneau-Parini I. The process of macrophage migration promotes matrix metalloproteinase-independent invasion by tumour cells. J. Immunol. (2011) PMID: 21880978
  • Van Goethem EGuiet R, Balor S, Charrière GM, Poincloux RLabrousse AMaridonneau-Parini I and Le Cabec V. Macrophage podosomes go 3D. Eur. J. Cell Biol. (2011) PMID: 20801545
  • Botella H, Peyron P, Levillain F, Poincloux R, Poquet Y, Brandli I, Wang C, Tailleux L, Tilleul S, Charrière GM, Waddell SJ, Foti M, Lugo-Villarino G, Gao Q, Maridonneau-Parini I, Butcher PD, Castagnoli PR, Gicquel B, de Chastellier C, Neyrolles O. Mycobacterial p(1)-type ATPases mediate resistance to zinc poisoning in human macrophages. Cell Host Microbe. 2011 PMID: 21925112

2010

  • Labernadie A, Thibault C, Vieu C, Maridonneau-Parini I and Charriere GM. Dynamics of podosome stiffness revealed by atomic force microscopy. Proc.Natl. Acad. Sci USA (2010) PMID: 21081699
  • Vérollet CZhang Y-MLe Cabec V, Mazzolini J, Charrière GLabrousse A, Bouchet J, Medina I, Biessen E, Niedergang F, Benichou S, andMaridonneau-Parini I. HIV-1 Nef triggers the formation of multinucleated giant macrophages in a Hck and protease-dependent manner. J. Immunol (2010) PMID: 20488787
  • Cougoule CLe Cabec VPoincloux R, Saati TA, Mège JL, Tabouret G, Lowell CA, Laviolette-Malirat N and Maridonneau-Parini I. Three-dimensional migration of macrophages requires Hck for podosome organization and extracellular matrix proteolysis. Blood (2010) PMID: 19897576 
    Highlighted in Research highlights, Nature Rev Mol Cell Biol (2010) 11(4):231
  • Van Goethem EPoincloux R, Gauffre F, Maridonneau-Parini I and Le Cabec V. Matrix architecture dictates 3D migration modes of human macrophages: differential involvement of proteases and podosome-like structures. J. Immunol. (2010) PMID: 20018633

 

... click here for a complete list of publications.

Collaborations

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Current Funding

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Past Funding

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2017

Montpellier / 20 Nov.
Céline Cougoule will co-organise the first Symposium of the Occitanie network of Monocytes-Macrophages

Lyon / 18-20 May
Brigitte Raynaud-Messina is presenting a poster @ les Journées Françaises de Biologie des Tissus Minéralisés

 

Lisbon, Portugal / 9-15 July

Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini will be present @ the 17th HFSP Awardees Meeting 

Waterville Valley, NH, USA / 11-17 June

Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini is invited to speak @ the Gordon Research Conference on phagocytes

 

Helsinki, Finland / 7 June
Renaud Poincloux is giving a talk @ the European Cytoskeleton Forum


Bordeaux / 11 Apr

Renaud Poincloux is giving a talk @ Focus On Microscopy

Toulouse / 06 Jan

Céline Cougoule will defend her Habilitation à diriger des recherches @ the LCC

2016

Toulouse / 07 Dec. 

Renaud Poincloux will defend his Habilitation à diriger des recherches @ the IPBS

Toulouse / 24 Nov. 

Renaud Poincloux is giving a talk @ the FRBT day

Toulouse / 22 Nov. 

Renaud Poincloux will meet sponsors for la Fondation Toulouse Cancer @ le Musée des Abattoirs

Toulouse / 18 Nov. 

Anais Bouissou is speaking @ 1st Symposium of the Club Macrophage Toulouse "Macrophage diversity in health and diseases", co-organised by Céline Cougoule

Toulouse / 14 Nov. 
Shanti Souriant has an interview with Ensemble, the newspaper from Sidaction (printed in 95,000 copies)

Arcachon / 7-9 Nov. 
Renaud Poincloux is giving a talk @ les Journées du GDR CellTiss 2016 

Nantes / 28 Sept. 
Véronique Le Cabec is giving a talk @ Niches & Cancer 2016


Roma, Italy / 24 Sept. 
Shanti Souriant and Christel Vérollet are giving talks @ the HIV Workshop XII


Naxos, Italy / 22 Sept. 
Véronique Le Cabec is giving a talk @ 100 years of phagocytes / Cell symposium

Paris / 19 Sept. 
Shanti Souriant has a poster @ the EMBO Conference Tuberculosis 2016

Erlangen, Germany / 12-14 Sept. 
Shanti Souriant is presenting her work  @ Frontiers of Retrovirology Conference 2016

Cambridge, UK / 22 June
Renaud Poincloux is giving a talk @ the European Cytoskeleton Forum

Trondheim, Norway / 10 June 
Renaud Poincloux is an invited speaker @ the SCANDEM meeting

Paris / 27-29 Apr. 
Véronique Le Cabec is giving a talk @ the Phagocyte worshop, ESCI

Zacatecas, Mexico / 19-23 Apr. 
Céline Cougoule is an invited speaker @ el XXII Congreso Nacional de Inmunologia

Paris / 7 Apr. 
Shanti Souriant is giving a talk @ the ANRS

Toulouse / 3-5 Feb.   
Véronique Le Cabec is giving a talk @ the Oncoweek

Toulouse / 25 Jan. 
Véronique Le Cabec is giving a talk @ IUCT

La Rochelle / 20-22 Jan. 
Véronique Le Cabec is an invited speaker @ the 1st congress of GDR 3697 MICRONIT

2015.

Hinxton, UK  / 7-8 Dec.
Edgardo Ferran is a co-organizer and speaker in the EMBL-EBI Industry Workshop on "Quantitative Systems Pharmacology II" @ the European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI)

Bordeaux / 30 Oct. 
Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini is giving a seminar @ la Plateforme de Génomique Fonctionnelle

Toulouse / 24 Nov. 
Renaud Poincloux is giving a talk @ the 4th FRBT annual meeting

Oaxtepec, Mexico / 10-13 Nov. 
Céline Cougoule is an invited speaker @  el XXIV Foro Nacional de Investigación en Salud - IMSS

Budapest, Hungary / 11-12 Nov. 
Arnaud Labrousse is giving a talk @ the Tarkinaid Consortium meeting

Tucuman, Argentina / 4 Nov.  
Edgardo Ferran is an invited speaker @ BioArgentina NOA organized by the Argentinian Chamber of Biotecnology (CAB), Tucuman, Argentina

Paris / 30 Oct. 
Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini is giving a seminar @ the Pasteur Institute

St Paul de Vence / 16-20 Oct.
Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini is an invited speaker and chairwoman and Renaud Poincloux is presenting a poster @ the Integrated mechano-chemical signals in invasion congress

Buenos Aires, Argentina / 14 Oct. 
Edgardo Ferran is an invited speaker @ the Argentinian Conference on Bioinformatics and Computational Biology (CAB2C)

Buenos Aires, Argentina / 8-9 Oct. 
Edgardo Ferran is a chairman, co-organizer and speaker @ the EMBL-MinCyT industry workshop on "Biotechnology and Genomics in Livestock, Agriculture and Human Health".

Cargèse / 28 Sep.-2 Oct.
Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini is an invited speaker @ the Quantitative Biology of Signaling congress

Toulouse / 4 June
Edgardo Ferran is giving a seminar @ IPBS

Barcelona, Spain / 13-15 May
Amsha Proag is presenting a poster @ the 6th European Cell Mechanics meeting

Marseille / 6- 7 May 
Céline Cougoule is presenting a poster @ the 4th MycoClub Conference

Paris / 8 Apr. 
Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini is giving a seminar @ Centre de Recherche sur l'Inflammation, Bichat

Toulouse / 2 Apr. 
Shanti Souriant is presenting a poster @ les Journées de l’école doctorale BSB

Boston, USA  /  31 Mar - 1 Apr 
Edgardo Ferran is a speaker @ the EMBL-EBI Industry workshop on "Immunogenomics"

Boston, USA / 30 Mar 
Edgardo Ferran is giving a seminar @ Genzyme 

Hinxton, UK / 18-19 Mar.
Edgardo Ferran is a co-organizer of the EMBL-EBI Industry Workshop on "Connectivity Map and LINC" @ the European Bioinformatics Institute

Barcelona, Spain / 3 Feb.
Edgardo Ferran is  giving two seminars @ the CRG

2014.

Nantes / 13-14 Nov. 
Céline Cougoule is giving a course on latest developments in inflammation research @ the EUmBRella meeting

Lille / 4-6 Nov.
Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini is an invited speaker @ the French Society for Immunology Annual meeting

Sopron, Hungary / 6-8 Oct. 
Céline Cougoule is giving a talk @ the Tarkinaid Consortium meeting

Toulouse / 3 Oct. 
Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini is giving a seminar @ la FRBT

Toulouse /  26 June 
Véronique Le Cabec is presenting her work @ the Workshop on 3D models and applications in oncology, Canceropole GSO

Marseille / 15-16 May 
Anaïs Bouissou is giving a seminar @ the 4th French Cell Adhesion Club Symposium

Limoges / 14-16 May
Christel Vérollet is presenting a poster @ la Société Française du Tissu minéralisé

Montpellier / 27-28 Apr.
Christel Vérollet and Shanti Souriant are presenting a poster @ the ANRS symposium

Alumni

Ayman AL SAATI: Pharmacy 4th year (2015)

Annie BEHAR: technician, currently at Vectalys (Toulouse)
Emilie BONNAUD: master student, currently a PhD student at CPTP (Toulouse)
Sébastien CARRENO: PhD, currently group leader at IRIC (Montreal)
Guillaume CHARRIERE: Postdoctoral fellow, currently Maître de conférence at Université de Montpellier
Annabelle CORJEON: master student, currently account executive at Cyroi (Réunion)
Philippe GUIPhD student, currently a postdoctoral fellow at UCSF (San Francisco)
Thomas DAUBON: master student, currently junior research scientist in Norway
Anna LABERNADIE: PhD student, currently a postdoctoral fellow at IBEC (Barcelona)
Claire LASTRUCCI: PhD student, currently a postdoctoral fellow at CRG (Barcelona)
Philippe GUIPhD student, currently a postdoctoral fellow at CRG (Barcelona)
Romain GUIET: PhD student, currently an engineer at EPFL (Lausanne)
Nathalie LAVIOLETTE-MALIRAT: technician

Cléa LEMONNIER: INSA 3rd year (2015 Nov - 2016 Jan)

Nallely LOPEZ-LOPEZ: PhD student from the Biomedical Research Unit (Unidad de Investigation Biomedica de Zacatecas), affiliated to the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS— Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social) in Mexico (2016 Feb-May)
Louis MAROIS: currently student at Université de Laval (Quebec)
Etienne MEUNIER: master student, currently a postdoctoral fellow at University of Basel
Federica PIMPINELLI: Postdoctoral fellow, currently pharmacist (Milan)
Amsha PROAG: Postdoctoral fellow, currently a postdoctoral fellow in Magali Suzanne's team (Toulouse)

Ana Gabriela RAMOS MARTINEZ: PhD student from the Biomedical Research Unit (Unidad de Investigation Biomedica de Zacatecas), affiliated to the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS— Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social) in Mexico (2016 Sept-Nov) 

Noémie TAURINES: M1 "Biologie Santé" (2015)
Emeline VAN GOETHEM: PhD student, currently project coordinator at Ambiotis (Toulouse)
Heidi WELCH: PhD student, currently group leader at Babraham Institute (Cambridge)

Teaching

Arnaud Labrousse animates the pedagogical Commission of the Sciences and Engineering Faculty (since 2009). He is an elected member of the council of the pedagogical department of Biology and Geoscience of the faculty. He teaches fundamental cell biology, trafficking, cell signaling and imaging to L1, L2, L3 & M1 students (lectures, exercises and practical courses).

Marion Portes gives practical exercises of geometrical optics (2016 Nov. 15 to Dec. 14) and of electricity @ INSAT (2017Jan. 16 to Feb. 28).

Renaud Poincloux, with the TRI facility, is animating a microscopy workshop for kids for la Fête de la Science @ le Quai des Savoirs (2016 Oct. 11-16). He gives a course on ImageJ @ IPBS (2016 May 24).

Anais Bouissou & Renaud Poincloux are organising a workshop on Protrusion Force Microscopy @ MiFoBio Seignosse (Sep. 30- Oct 7)

Christel Vérollet & Véronique Le Cabec are giving a course on Innate Immunity @ M2R Immunity (2016 Oct. 5)

Céline Cougoule organised a workshop on 3D cell migration in Zacatecas, Mexico (2016 Apr. 19-23, XXII CONGRESO NACIONAL DE INMUNOLOGA)